The University of Pittsburgh Chapter of the American Association of University Professors

 

Faculty Salaries at Pitt Versus the Other Public AAU Universities

Public universities in the American Association of Universities (AAU) are the Pitt administration's self-chosen peer group for faculty salaries.  For 2011-12, there were 34 public universities in the AAU, including Pitt; there were 35 in 2010-11.
 

           
  AAUP Faculty Salary Database
AAUP is an abbreviation for American Association of University Professors; their website is http://www.aaup.org/aaup.
  • Most universities in the U.S. annually submit salary data for their full-time faculty to the AAUP.
  • This information is made public in the annual March-April Edition of Academe, the AAUP's magazine.  Academe is available on the web as well as print.
  • Pitt's AAUP faculty salary data is inflated because Medical School basic science faculty salaries are included in it.
  • Salaries for 2011-12 published in the March-April, 2012, Academe issue are the latest available for the AAUP.
    IPEDS Faculty Salary Database
IPEDS is an abbreviation for Integrated Postsecondary Education Data Systems; their website is http://nces.ed.gov/ipeds/.
  • Every university in the U.S. that receives Title IV money from the federal government is annually required to submit financial and other data to the U.S. Department of Education, including salary data for their full-time, non-medical school, instructional faculty.
  • This information is made public on the IPEDS website.
  • IPEDS makes available 10 years of data for each university.
  • Salaries for 2011-12 are the latest available IPEDS faculty salary data.
 
           
  AAUP 2011-12 Pitt and Public AAU University Faculty Salaries, including Male and Female Faculty Salaries AAUP 2010-11 Pitt and Public AAU University Faculty Salaries

The percentage (number) of faculty at each rank is just as, or even more, important than average salary in determining how salaries impact faculty.  Pitt's core teaching faculty has a low percentage of full professors, and a high percentage of low ranking, low paid faculty compared to most public AAU universities (see below).

Pitt needs to improve its salaries for teaching faculty.  They are not only substandard, but cause faculty hardship and turnover, and do not promote quality teaching, something Pitt claims as a priority.

    IPEDS 2011-12 Pitt and Public AAU University Faculty Salaries IPEDS 2009-10 Pitt and Public AAU University Faculty Salaries

IPEDS 2005-06 to 2011-12 Data Feedback Report Graphs showing Pitt's Average Faculty Salaries versus Median Faculty Salaries for the Other 33 Public AAU Universities

  • View as a PDF file.  These IPEDS DFR graphs show that Pitt's salaries for assistant professors, instructors, lecturers and no rank faculty have been significantly below the median salaries of their faculty peers at the other 34 public AAU universities for each of the last 7 years (2005-06 through 2011-12).
 
           
  Discussion of AAUP 2011-12 and 2010-11 Pitt and Public AAU University Faculty Salaries
For 2011-12 among the public AAU universities, the AAUP data shows that Pitt ranks:
  • 16 out of 35 for full professor (P) salaries ($134,800); Pitt was 15 of 35 for 2010-11 ($132,800).
  • 14 of 35 for associate professor (AO) salaries ($90,000); Pitt was 13 of 35 for 2010-11 ($88,400).
  • 21 out of 35 for assistant professor (AI) salaries ($75,000); Pitt was 28 of 35 for 2010-11 ($72,200).
  • Tied for 16 out of 22 for instructor (IN) salaries ($45,300); Pitt was 17 of 21 for 2010-11 ($43,600).  13 public AAU peers in 2011-12 do not have any instructors by AAUP criteria.
  • Lecturer (the AAUP database does not show the number of lecturers or their average salary).
  • No rank (the AAUP database does not show the number of no rank faculty or their average salary).
  • 26 out of 35 for all ranks (AR) salaries ($91,400); Pitt was 25 of 35 for 2010-11 ($90,500).

Female faculty salaries at Pitt lag far below those of their male peers at Pitt except for instructors, as shown below.

  • $124,200 for female full professors vs $138,200 for males.
  • $86,900 for female associate professors vs $91,600 for males.
  • $70,700 for female assistant professors vs $80,000 for males.
  • $45,300 for female instructors vs $45,300 for males.

Female assistant professor and instructor salaries at Pitt lagged below those of female peers at the other public AAU universities.

  • Assistant professor: $70,700 at Pitt vs an average of $74,500 at the other 33 public AAU universities.
  • Instructor: $45,300 at Pitt vs an average of $50,500 at the other 33 public AAU universities.
    Discussion of IPEDS 2011-12 and 2009-10 Pitt and Public AAU University Faculty Salaries
For 2011-12 among the public AAU universities, the IPEDS data shows that Pitt ranks:
  • 15 out of 35 for full professor (P) salaries ($131,800); Pitt was 21 of 35 for 2009-10 ($122,900).
  • 19 out of 35 for associate professor (AO) salaries ($87,100); Pitt was 22 of 35 for 2009-10 ($82,400).
  • 30 out of 35 for assistant professor (AI) salaries ($71,700); Pitt was 31 of 35 for 2009-10 ($67,600).
  • 18 out of 28 for instructor (IN) salaries ($45,300); Pitt was 19 of 27 for 2009-10 ($43,100). 7 public AAU peers in 2011-12 do not have any instructors by IPEDS criteria.
  • 30 out of 31 for lecturer (Lect) salaries ($44,300); Pitt was 29 of 31 for 2009-10 ($42,600).  4 public AAU peers do not have any lecturers by IPEDS criteria.
  • 14 out of 20 for no rank (NR) salaries ($45,200); Pitt was 16 of 19 for 2009-10 ($35,900).  15 public AAU peers in 2011-12 do not have any no rank faculty by IPEDS criteria.
  • 33 out of 35 for all ranks (AR) salaries ($85,900); Pitt was 32 of 35 for 2009-10 ($81,300).

IPEDS shows separate average male and female faculty salaries for faculty on 9 month contracts and faculty on 12 month contracts; however, it does not show separate male and female average salaries after conversion of 12 month contracts to 9 month contracts, only average salaries (9 month plus converted 12 month) for all faculty at a given rank.

Separate average male and female faculty salaries (9 month plus converted 12 month) by rank could easily be calculated from the listed IPEDS data if someone wishes to do so.

 
           
  Note 1: Pitt's AAUP data includes medical school basic science faculty; Pitt's IPEDS data does not.
  • Medical School basic science faculty have much higher salaries than most other Pitt faculty.  Thus, Pitt's AAUP faculty salaries are much higher ($1000s) than IPEDS salaries.
    Note 1: Pitt's IPEDS data does not include medical school basic science faculty; Pitt's AAUP data does.
  • Medical School basic science faculty have much higher salaries than most other Pitt faculty.  Thus, Pitt's AAUP faculty salaries are much higher ($1000s) than IPEDS salaries.
 
           
  Note 2: Pitt's AAUP data does not include part-time faculty.  For 2011-12 there were 1,744 full-time core teaching faculty on the Pittsburgh campus and 733 part-time faculty.
  • According to Pitt's FY 10 Snyder Report, part-time faculty taught 42% of the total classroom student credit hours at Pitt for the FY 2010 academic year, drew 24.4% of the total faculty salaries, constituted 33.6% of Pitt's total FTE faculty, and had an average FTE salary of $47,074 versus $74,010 for full-time Pitt faculty.
  • Many part-time faculty are paid a set amount for each course taught: $2,722 to $4,046 for a 3-credit course is common. A full-time teaching load (12 credits each of two semesters, totaling 8 courses) pays only $21,776 to $32,368 yearly.
    Note 2: Pitt's IPEDS salary data does not include part-time faculty.  For 2011-12 there were 1,744 full-time core teaching faculty on the Pittsburgh campus and 733 part-time faculty.
  • According to Pitt's FY 10 Snyder Report, part-time faculty taught 42% of the total classroom student credit hours at Pitt for the FY 2010 academic year, drew 24.4% of the total faculty salaries, constituted 33.6% of Pitt's total FTE faculty, and had an average FTE salary of $47,074 versus $74,010 for full-time Pitt faculty.
  • Many part-time faculty are paid a set amount for each course taught: $2,722 to $4,046 for a 3-credit course is common. A full-time teaching load (12 credits each of two semesters, totaling 8 courses) pays only $21,776 to $32,368 yearly.
 
           
  Note 3: The All Ranks (AR) faculty salary category reflects the disparity between the number of higher paid full-time faculty at a university versus the number of lower paid full-time faculty.
  • The lower the AR salary, the greater the % of lower paid faculty.  Pitt has one of the lower AAUP AR (All Ranks) average salaries (#26 out of 35 for 2011-12 and #25 out of 35 for 2010-11) of the public AAU universities.  Pitt's AAUP AR salary would be even lower if the large number of low paid part-time faculty at Pitt (1/3 of Pitt's FTE faculty) were also included in the totals.
  • This suggests that Pitt promotes its faculty at a much lower rate than the other public AAU universities.
    Note 3: The All Ranks (AR) faculty salary category reflects the disparity between the number of higher paid full-time faculty at a university versus the number of lower paid full-time faculty.
  • The lower the AR salary, the greater the % of lower paid faculty. Pitt has one of the lowest IPEDS AR (All Ranks) average salaries (#33 out of 35 for 2011-12 and #32 out of 35 for 2009-10) of the public AAU universities.  Pitt's IPEDS AR salary would be even lower if the large number of low paid part-time faculty at Pitt (1/3 of Pitt's FTE faculty) were also included in the totals.
  • This suggests that Pitt promotes its faculty at a much lower rate than the other public AAU universities.
 
           
  Note 4: The ratio AR/P (the All Ranks average salary divided by the full professor salary) reflects the disparity between the average salary of full professors versus the salaries of lower paid faculty.
  • The lower the AR/P ratio, the greater the salary disparity between high and low paid faculty.  Pitt has one of the lowest AAUP AR/P ratios (#35 out of 35 for 2011-12 and #34 out of 35 for 2010-11) of the public AAU universities.  Pitt's AAUP AR/P ratio would be even lower if the large number of low paid part-time faculty at Pitt (1/3 of Pitt's FTE faculty) were also included in the totals.
  • This suggests that Pitt promotes its faculty at a much lower rate than the other public AAU universities.
    Note 4: The ratio AR/P (the All Ranks average salary divided by the full professor salary) reflects the disparity between the average salary of full professors versus the salaries of lower paid faculty.
  • The lower the AR/P ratio, the greater the salary disparity between high and low paid faculty.  Pitt has one of the lowest IPEDS AR/P ratios (#34 out of 35 for both 2011-12 and 2009-10) of the public AAU universities.  Pitt's IPEDS AR/P ratio would be even lower if the large number of low paid part-time faculty at Pitt (1/3 of Pitt's FTE faculty) were also included in the totals.
  • This suggests that Pitt promotes its faculty at a much lower rate than the other public AAU universities.
 
           
  Note 5: The %P (% full professors) is the percentage of the faculty who have been promoted to full professor by an institution.
  • The lower the %P, the lower the total cost of faculty salaries at a university.  Pitt has one of the lowest AAUP %P (32% and #34 out of 35 for 2011-12, and 33.0% and #32 out of 35 for 2010-11) of the public AAU universities.  Pitt's AAUP %P would be even lower if the large number of low paid lecturers, no rank faculty and part-time faculty (1/3 of Pitt's FTE faculty) at Pitt were also included in the totals.
  • This suggests that Pitt promotes its faculty at a much lower rate than the other public AAU universities.
    Note 5: The %P (% full professors) is the percentage of the faculty who have been promoted to full professor by an institution.
  • The lower the %P, the lower the total cost of faculty salaries at a university.  Pitt has one of the lowest IPEDS %P (26.0%and #34 out of 35 for 2011-12, and 26.8% and #35 out of 35 for 2009-10) of the public AAU universities.  Pitt's IPEDS %P would be even lower if the large number of low paid part-time faculty at Pitt (1/3 of Pitt's FTE faculty) were also included in the totals.
  • This suggests that Pitt promotes its faculty at a much lower rate than the other public AAU universities.
 
           
  Note 6: Faculty salaries at Pitt's regional campuses are much lower than salaries on the Pittsburgh campus.  These campuses have a Carnegie II B classification and a different peer group from the Pittsburgh campus.  Pitt's AAUP 2011-12 regional campus average faculty salaries are:
  • $78,600 for full professor (P) versus $134,800 Pitt. campus.
  • $62,500 for associate professor (AO) versus $90,000 (Pitt).
  • $53,600 for assistant professor (AI) versus $75,000 (Pitt).
  • $46,900 for instructor (IN) versus $45,300 Pittsburgh campus.
  • Lecturer (the AAUP database does not show lecturers).
  • No rank (the AAUP database does not show the number of no rank faculty or their average salary).
  • $57,700 for all ranks (AR) versus $91,400 Pittsburgh campus.
Pitt's AAUP 2010-11 regional campus average faculty salaries were:
  • $73,400 for full professor (P) versus $132,800 Pitt. campus.
  • $62,500 for associate professor (AO) versus $88,400 (Pitt).
  • $52,300 for assistant professor (AI) versus $72,200 (Pitt).
  • $46,300 for instructor (IN) versus $43,600 Pittsburgh campus.
  • Lecturer (the AAUP database does not show lecturers).
  • No rank (the AAUP database does not show the number of no rank faculty or their average salary).
  • $57,600 for all ranks (AR) versus $90,500 Pittsburgh campus.
    Note 6: Faculty salaries at Pitt's regional campuses are much lower than salaries on the Pittsburgh campus.  These campuses have a Carnegie II B classification and a different peer group from the Pittsburgh campus.  Pitt's IPEDS 2011-12 regional campus average faculty salaries are:
  • $73,600 for full professor (P) versus $131,800 Pitt. campus.
  • $62,600 for associate professor (AO) versus $87,100 (Pitt).
  • $53,400 for assistant professor (AI) versus $71,700 (Pitt).
  • $45,600 for instructor (IN) versus $45,300 Pittsburgh campus.
  • $45,300 for lecturer (Lect) versus $44,300 Pittsburgh campus.
  • There are no NR (no rank) faculty at Pitt's regional campuses, but there are on the Pittsburgh campus; their average salary is $45,200.
  • $56,900 for all ranks (AR) versus $85,900 Pittsburgh campus.
Pitt's IPEDS 2009-10 regional campus average faculty salaries were:
  • $70,700 for full professor (P) versus $122,900 Pitt. campus.
  • $60,100 for associate professor (AO) versus $82,400 (Pitt).
  • $49,800 for assistant professor (AI) versus $67,600 (Pitt).
  • $44,200 for instructor (IN) versus $43,100 Pittsburgh campus.
  • $43,100 for lecturer (Lect) versus $42,600 Pittsburgh campus.
  • There are no NR (no rank) faculty at Pitt's regional campuses, but there are on the Pittsburgh campus (ave. salary $35,900).
  • $54,700 for all ranks (AR) versus $81,300 Pittsburgh campus.
 
           
  Conclusions from the AAUP 2011-12 and 2010-11 Faculty Salary Peer Group Comparison of Pitt to its Public AAU Peers     Conclusions from the IPEDS 2011-12 and 2009-10 Faculty Salary Peer Group Comparison of Pitt to its Public AAU Peers  
           
 
  • Pitt's AAUP full and associate professor salaries are competitive with those of its public AAU peers, ranking 16/35 in 2011-12 and 15/35 in 2010-11 for professor salaries, and 14/35 in 2011-12 and 13/35 in 2010-11 for associate professor salaries.
     
  • However, Pitt has one of the lowest percent full professors (%P 34/35 in 2011-12 and 32/35 in 2010-11) of the public AAU universities (32.0% in 2011-12 and 33.0% in 2010-11 versus averages of 46.4% and 46.2%, respectively, for the other 34 public AAU universities).  This suggests Pitt promotes a smaller percentage of its faculty to full professor than most other public AAU universities.
     
    • Pitt's AAUP percentage of full professors is actually much lower than 32% to 33% because the AAUP database does not list the number of lecturers, no rank faculty, or part-time faculty at universities.  The latter constitute about 1/3 of Pitt's total FTE faculty.
       
  • Pitt's AAUP salaries for assistant professors (21/35 in 2011-12 and 28/35 in 2010-11) and instructors (tied for 16 out of 22 in 2011-12 and 17/21 in 2010-11) are in the bottom portion of the salary range for their public AAU university peer group.  Lecturer, no rank and part-time faculty salaries are not listed by the AAUP database.
     
  • Assistant professors and instructors together constituted 39.1% and 38.4% of Pitt's full-time AAUP faculty in 2011-12 and 2010-11, respectively, versus averages of 25.6% in 2011-12 and 26.0% in 2010-11 for the other 34 AAU universities.
     
    • Low ranking faculty actually constitute a much higher percentage of Pitt's faculty than 38.4% to 39.1% because the AAUP database does not list lecturer, no rank and part-time faculty.  Part-time faculty are about 1/3 of Pitt's total FTE faculty.
       
  • The high percentage (38.4% to 39.1%) of Pitt faculty in the lowest salary categories (which is actually much higher than 38.4% because lecturers, no rank faculty and part-time faculty are not included in the totals), and the fact that the salaries of these low-salaried Pitt faculty rank near the bottom of the salary range for their AAU peer groups, places Pitt at or near the top of its public AAU peer group in the percentage of faculty who are low paid.
     
  • Pitt's regional campus faculty salaries are extremely low compared to faculty salaries on the Pittsburgh campus.
     
  • The widespread public perception that most Pitt faculty are highly paid is clearly FALSE.  In fact, the opposite is true; most Pitt faculty are low paid relative to their peers.
     
    • Only about 22% of Pitt's FTE core teaching faculty ever reach the high paid professor rank.
       
    • According to Pitt's 2009-10 Snyder Report to the state of PA, the average 2009-10 FTE faculty salary at Pitt (all ranks full-time and part-time) was $64,954, a number that reflects the high percentage of low paid core teaching faculty at Pitt.
       
    • People have the false perception that most Pitt faculty are highly paid because the only salaries that ever make the news are the high salaries of a small minority of faculty and administrators.
  • The only way this false perception will ever be changed is if the public is repeatedly told and shown the truth at every possible opportunity that most Pitt teaching faculty have sub-standard salaries, which Pitt's administration does not seem willing to do.
   
  • Pitt's IPEDS full and associate professor salaries are competitive with those of its public AAU peers, ranking 15/35 in 2011-12 and 21/35 in 2009-10 for professor salaries, and 19/35 in 2011-12 and 22/35 in 2009-10 for associate professor salaries.
     
  • However, Pitt has one of the lowest percent full professors (%P 34/35 in 2011-12 and 35/35 in 2009-10) of the public AAU universities (26.0% in 2011-12 and 26.8% in 2009-10 versus averages of 40.4% and 39.3%, respectively, for the other 34 public AAU universities).  This suggests Pitt promotes a smaller percentage of its faculty to full professor than most other public AAU universities.
     
    • Pitt's IPEDS percentage of full professors is actually much lower than 26.0% to 26.8% because the IPEDS database does not include part-time faculty in its salary data.  The latter are about 1/3 of Pitt's total FTE faculty.
       
  • Pitt's IPEDS salaries for assistant professors (30/35 in 2011-12 and 31/35 for 2009-10), instructors (18/28 in 2011-12 and 19/27 in 2009-10), lecturers (30/31 in 2011-12 and 29/31 in 2009-10) and no rank faculty (14/20 in 2011-12 and 16/19 in 2009-10) are near the bottom of the salary range for their public AAU university peer group.  Part-time faculty salaries are not listed by the IPEDS database.
     
  • Assistant professors, instructors, lecturers and faculty with no rank together constituted 50.3% and 49% of Pitt's full-time IPEDS faculty in 2011-12 and 2009-10, respectively, versus averages of 35.9% in 2011-12 and 37% in 2009-10 for the other 34 AAU universities.
     
    • Low ranking faculty actually constitute a much higher percentage of Pitt's faculty than 49% to 50.3% because the IPEDS salary database does not include part-time faculty. The latter are about 1/3 of Pitt's total FTE faculty.
       
  • The high percentage (49% to 50.3%) of Pitt faculty in the lowest salary categories (which is actually much higher than 49% because part-time faculty are not included in the totals), and the fact that the salaries of these low-salaried Pitt faculty rank near the bottom of the salary range for their AAU peer groups, places Pitt at or near the top of its public AAU peer group in the percentage of faculty who are low paid.
     
  • Pitt's regional campus faculty salaries are extremely low compared to faculty salaries on the Pittsburgh campus.
     
  • The widespread public perception that most Pitt faculty are highly paid is clearly FALSE.  In fact, the opposite is true; most Pitt faculty are low paid relative to their peers.
     
    • Only about 22% of Pitt's FTE core teaching faculty ever reach the high paid professor rank.
       
    • According to Pitt's 2009-10 Snyder Report to the state of PA, the average 2009-10 FTE faculty salary at Pitt (all ranks full-time and part-time) is $64,954, a number that reflects the high percentage of low paid core teaching faculty at Pitt.
       
    • People have the false perception that most Pitt faculty are highly paid because the only salaries that ever make the news are the high salaries of a small minority of faculty and administrators.
  • The only way this false perception will ever be changed is if the public is repeatedly told and shown the truth at every possible opportunity that most Pitt teaching faculty have sub-standard salaries, which Pitt's administration does not seem willing to do.
 
           

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This page went online August 11, 2011, and was last revised January 3, 2013.